36C-8A-4. Duty and liability of trustee.

(a) If the terms of a trust confer upon a power holder the power to direct certain actions of the trustee, the trustee shall act in accordance with the direction and is not liable, individually or as a fiduciary, for any loss resulting directly or indirectly from compliance with the direction, unless compliance with the direction constitutes intentional misconduct on the part of the trustee.

(b) If the terms of a trust confer upon the power holder the power to consent to certain actions of the trustee, and the power holder does not provide consent within a reasonable time after the trustee has made a timely request for the power holder's consent, the trustee is not liable, individually or as a fiduciary, for any loss resulting directly or indirectly from the trustee's failure to take any action that required the power holder's consent.

(c) If the terms of a trust confer upon a power holder a power other than the power to direct or to consent to the actions of the trustee described in G.S. 36C-8A-2(a), the trustee is not liable, individually or as a fiduciary, for any loss resulting directly or indirectly from the exercise or nonexercise of the power.

(d) A trustee does not have a duty to monitor a power holder or inform or give advice to a settlor, beneficiary, trustee, or power holder concerning an instance in which the trustee might have acted differently from a power holder. By taking an action described in this subsection, a trustee does not assume a duty excluded by this subsection.

(e) Subject to subsection (d) of this section, a trustee shall provide information to a power holder to the extent the information is reasonably related both to the powers and duties of the trustee and the powers and duties of the power holder. A power holder that acts in reliance on information provided by a trustee is not liable for a breach of trust to the extent the breach resulted from the reliance, unless by so acting the power holder engages in intentional misconduct. (2012-18, s. 3.4; 2021-85, s. 2(c).)